ALEXANDER THE GREAT

   the king of Macedonia, son of Philip by Olympias, daughter of Neoptolemus, king of Epirus; born at Pella, 356 B.C.; had the philosopher Aristotle for tutor, and being instructed by him in all kinds of serviceable knowledge, ascended the throne on the death of his father, at the age of 20; after subduing Greece, had himself proclaimed generalissimo of the Greeks against the Persians, and in 2 years after his accession crossed the Hellespont, followed by 30,000 foot and 5000 horse; with these conquered the army of Darius the Persian at Granicus in 334 and at Issus in 333; subdued the principal cities of Syria, overran Egypt, and crossing the Euphrates and Tigris, routed the Persians at Arbela; hurrying on farther, he swept everything before him, till the Macedonians refusing to advance, he returned to Babylon, when he suddenly fell ill of fever, and in eleven days died at the early age of 32. He is said to have slept every night with his Homer and his sword under his pillow, and the inspiring idea of his life, all unconsciously to himself belike, is defined to have been the right of Greek intelligence to override and rule the merely glittering barbarity of the East.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALEXANDER THE GREAT° — (356–323 B.C.E.), king of Macedonia who conquered most of the Near East and Asia. A legend preserved in Josephus (Ant., 11:329 ff.) tells that when Alexander was besieging Tyre, Sanballat, the leader of the Samaritans, came to him at the head of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alexander the Great — ist die englische Bezeichnung für Alexander der Große. der Originaltitel des Historienfilms Alexander der Große (1956) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichnete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander the Great — 356 323 B.C.; king of Macedonia (336 323): military conqueror who helped spread Greek culture from Asia Minor & Egypt to India: also Alexander III …   English World dictionary

  • Alexander the Great — (356 323 BC) a king of Macedonia who took control of Greece, Egypt, and most of the countries to the east of the Mediterranean Sea as far as India …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Alexander the Great — This article is about the ancient king of Macedon. For other uses, see Alexander the Great (disambiguation). Alexander the Great Basileus of Macedon …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander the Great — 356 323 B.C., king of Macedonia 336 323: conqueror of Greek city states and of the Persian empire from Asia Minor and Egypt to India. * * * or Alexander III born 356 BC, Pella, Macedonia died June 13, 323 BC, Babylon King of Macedonia (336–323)… …   Universalium

  • Alexander the Great — King of Macedon Ruled Egypt 332 323 BC.     The son of Philip II, king of Macedon, Alexander was destined to conquer the known world and, after the provinces of the Persian empire fell before him, Tyre besieged and Gaza taken, he finally reached… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Alexander the Great — (356–323 B.C.E.)    The historical Alexander the Great, Macedonian king and world conqueror, was clearly not a medieval figure. However, the character of Alexander became the central figure of a number of medieval ROMANCES, comparable to though… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Alexander the Great — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexandre le Grand (homonymie). Alexander the Great est un téléfilm américain réalisé par Phil Karlson, diffusé en 1968. Le titre fait référence à Alexandre le Grand (quatrième siècle avant Jésus Christ Sommaire… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander the Great —    The king of Macedonia, the great conqueror; probably represented in Daniel by the belly of brass (Dan. 2:32), and the leopard and the he goat (7:6; 11:3, 4). He succeeded his father Philip, and died at the age of thirty two from the effects of …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Alexander the Great — Alexan′der the Great′ n. big anh 356–323 b.c., king of Macedonia 336–323: conqueror of Greek city states and of the Persian Empire from Asia Minor and Egypt to India …   From formal English to slang

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